Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) in Horses
Platelet rich plasma (PRP) is a therapy that utilizes the horses own blood to treat mild to severe tendon and ligament injuries. The product is exactly as the name describes; it is the liquid portion of blood with a high concentration of platelets (along with associated growth factors). Large amounts of platelet derived growth factor, transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) and smaller amounts of insulin-like growth (IGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF) and TGF-α are released upon activation. These growth factors act together to to bring healthy inflammatory cells to the area of tissue injury. Growth Factors encourage formation of new blood vessels (angiogenesis), as well as encourage formation of new connective tissue (fibroplasia). PRP is collected, prepared, and injected into the lesion. PRP has proven effective at improving the quality of healing (linear arrangement of tendon/ligament fibers) as well as healing time.
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